Best Practices при работе с Drupal 8


Содержание

Drupal coding Standard and Best Practice

How to use phpcs and phpcbf to check and correct drupal 8 coding Standard ?

Create a Drupal 8 module is a good idea, but develop as Drupal is BEST.

The famous tools PhpCS and PhpCBF allow you to check and correct (some) drupal coding standards and best practice errors.

Install Drupal coder.

Step 1. Download drupal coder via drush (drush dl coder) or from https://www.drupal.org/project/coder and extract into a folder out side of the drupal project.
Here, for the example : /home/myhome/coder

Step 2. Download / Install additional packages using composer. (How to install composer)
Example:
cd /home/myhome/coder
composer update

Step 3. Configure envirenement.
Example:
export PATH=»$PATH:/home/myhome/coder/vendor/bin»
set PATH $PATH /home/myhome/coder/vendor/bin
phpcs —config-set installed_paths /home/myhome/coder/coder_sniffer
phpcbf —config-set installed_paths /home/myhome/coder/coder_sniffer

Use PhpCS anf PhpCBF

-> Go to your custom module directory. Example : /var/www/drupal8/modules/custom/mymodule
You can use phpcs using absolute path of the module. But I got some errors when using phpcbf.
phpcs —standard=Drupal /var/www/drupal8/modules/custom/mymodule

Example of the Errors :
Array
(
[0] => Ignoring potentially dangerous file name /var/www/drupal8/modules/custom/mymodule.
[1] => can’t find file to patch at input line 3

Check drupal coding Standard errors

phpcs —standard=Drupal .
OR
phpcs —standard=Drupal /var/www/drupal8/modules/custom/mymodule

Correst some drupal coding Standard errors (Merked as [X])

phpcbf —standard=Drupal .
OR
# This may not work : To test
phpcbf —standard=Drupal /var/www/drupal8/modules/custom/mymodule

Check drupal Best Practice errors

phpcs —standard=DrupalPractice .
OR
phpcs —standard=DrupalPractice /var/www/drupal8/modules/custom/mymodule

Drupal 8 Development on Windows — Best Practices?

Over the past several weeks, I’ve been working with three of the more well-known Docker-based local development environments that involve a Drupal focus: Docksal, DDEV, and Lando. The goal is to not only to figure out which one I prefer, but also to figure out which our two long-form online Drupal training classes should potentially standardize on.

Our classes are often comprised of folks from all different technical backgrounds, so it is important that we not only teach them tools that Drupal professionals use, but also something that folks of myriad of skill levels can easily consume. Perhaps most importantly, while the majority of our students are on Mac OS X, we still have a consistent number of students using Windows, so any solution we recommend should work similarly on all platforms.

As a Mac OS X user myself, it is important to me that I can instruct our Windows-based students without having to resort to a separate set of instructions. To that end, I have an actual Windows 10 Pro machine (not a virtual machine) that I’ve been using to evaluate these local development environment options.

I’ve decided to focus on DDEV, Lando, and Docksal because I really like the idea of Docker-based containers; being able to customize your local development environments to each project has too many advantages to ignore. Also, as one of our classes is Pantheon-focused, Lando’s Pantheon integration is a very important differentiator.

Requirements

I have a basic set of requirements that a local development environment should be able to handle. These requirements are probably focused more on our introductory Drupal Career Online course, but I’d like to be able to recommend the same solution for any of our courses.

  • Run Composer commands (including create-project). It doesn’t matter to me if this command is run on the local OS or in a container, as long as it works with a minimum of fuss. The «create-project» command can be a bit tricky on Windows — keep reading to find out why.
  • Run Git commands both on the local OS and in the container.
  • Be able to get up-and-running with a minimum of downloads. On Mac OS X this isn’t much of an issue with Terminal, Git, and PHP preinstalled, but on Windows it is a different story.
  • Be able to get up-and-running with a minimum of «extra» configuration. Granted, once you’re comfortable on the command line adding something to your local PATH isn’t a big deal, but for folks new-ish to the command line, it can be a significant hurdle.
  • Have a Linux-based command line interface (to use commands like cd, ls, cat, etc. )
  • Be able to easily (zero configuration) edit text files on the command line (nano or pico).
  • Be able to modify file permissions and ownership from the command line (chown and chmod).
  • Be able to run Drush, Drupal Console, and all of the other Drupal-y things that a professional developer should have.

I am very cognizant that my requirements are probably represent the lower-end of the Drupal skill-level spectrum, but I feel these requirements are a reasonable starting point.

Potential solution

Over the past few weeks, I think I’ve installed, uninstalled, and reinstalled various combinations of Lando, Docksal, and DDEV as well as various command line shells (Babun, Cmder, PuTTY, Cygwin) and the Windows Subsystem for Linux at least a dozen times on my Windows machine. All this in an effort to figure out what is the best combination of tools to satisfy the requirements. At the current moment, I’m circling around recommending Lando and Cmder on Windows (Lando requires Windows 10 Pro with Hyper-V enabled) — both are easily installed with no extra configuration necessary to get almost everything working.

Upsides

With just Lando and Cmder installed almost all of the requirements are met. I can use Git to clone a site down to my local, get it up and running in Lando and get to work.

Downsides

One minor issue is that Cmder doesn’t come with nano nor pico for editing text files from the command line. It does come with vim, however (which we all know has a steeper learning curve). I can probably mitigate this issue with a little bit of config to have students run a command to open text files in something like Notepad++ or teach some basic vim commands.

The other issue is a bit more serious. With only Lando and Cmder installed, there’s no way to run «composer create-project». While Lando makes Composer available in the container, developers don’t normally create the containers until they have a code base. This is a bit of a chicken-and-egg issue:

  1. We need Composer to get the new code base.
  2. We need the Lando container to be up-and-running to get Composer.
  3. We need a code base before we start Lando.
  4. (return to step 1 above)


So, I think I know what you’re thinking: just install Composer. Well, this isn’t as simple as it sounds, as Composer requires PHP, and as far as I can tell, installing PHP on a Windows machine isn’t super-straight-forward. Granted, if the developer already has another AMP stack on their Windows machine, the Composer install can be configured to use the php.exe installed with it.

Docksal actually has a command that allows a developer to run Composer without actually having a set of containers already initialized for the project using the «fin run-cli» command. This utilizes a standalone cli container and completely removes the need to install Composer on the local OS.

Next steps

So, where does that leave us? I’m not 100% sure, but I wanted to put this out there and get some feedback. Are you a professional Drupal developer that uses Windows as your main OS? If so, what’s your setup? Am I missing anything?

While I often try to steer new Drupal developers towards Mac OS X or Linux, sometimes it is not possible due to corporate policies or even just personal preference. I’d love to be able to teach a solution that provides a professional-level Drupal developer experience to Windows users.

Comments

At the Drupal Global Sprint…

At the Drupal Global Sprint a week or so ago I decided to dust off the old Surface Pro and do some Drupal development. I was able to install Docker and Lando, do a Composer build via Lando container and get a site up and running.

It should be noted that I was cloning down the dev 8.6 branch and not using zip or tar files from the main DO page.

I usually start by deleting the lock file, but it is advised to delete the vendor directory with the lock file before running drush qd —use-existing (Thanks to David for this command as I was using drush si prior to his suggestion and then either importing a database from a site I was previously working on or walking through the steps of setting up a new site in the web admin console).

Oh yea, and all of this was from a PowerShell Admin console.

Submitted by Dennis Kimble (not verified) on Sun, 02/04/2020 — 13:58

Did you do a comparison chart based on your requirements?

Submitted by Guest (not verified) on Sun, 02/04/2020 — 14:48

Not yet, but soon.

Not yet, but soon.

Submitted by ultimike on Sun, 02/25/2020 — 18:41

I’ve been doing professional…

I’ve been doing professional Drupal development on my Windows computer for over a decade. Also do Laravel and Symfony. My setup changes depending on client/project needs. Most of the time I develop straight in Windows. For the WAMP stack, I use Neard (https://github.com/neard/neard). If it’s a project with a service or two that I need from Linux, then I’ll just spin up a Docker container for those (usually Redis, but also Solr and Elasticsearch). For the more complex/involved projects, then I develop those straight in a VM. I don’t use Vagrant (though I used to). I just create my own VM and use PHPStorm’s deployment options.

What you may want to consider is offering straight VMs in HyperV and VirtualBox flavors. Have them do everything through that. Then you can offer a fully, pre-built environment for them and everyone will be on the same setup.

With Docker my biggest fear would be data loss. Yeah you can do volume mounts on the host system, but for Windows that means setting up a share and that could lead to problems with corporate users and the security policies of their company (I’ve done a lot of corporate work on Windows over the year and never seen one that allows any user to create a share).

With a VM everything is stored inside the VM (you could even do Docker in the VM). If it’s a matter of being more portable, they could then just use something like GIT to sync their codebase (or a drush dump) to a github account and then pull it in on another instance on a separate machine.

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Submitted by Jamie (not verified) on Sun, 02/04/2020 — 16:07

Did you look already into drupalvm?

Submitted by Guest (not verified) on Sun, 02/04/2020 — 16:38

I have, but at this time I’m…

I have, but at this time I’m focusing my efforts on Lando, Docksal, and Drud.

Submitted by ultimike on Mon, 02/26/2020 — 20:42

I’m a 3 platform developer …

I’m a 3 platform developer (Windows, Linux, MacOS). Mainly I use Windows to code. To me, performance matter. So I won’t use any docker based solutions. The slow file sync, config. There’re a lot of problems afterward.

My Windows Setup:
— XAMPP (portable)

— Cmder (portable)
I actually run my custom version of ConEmu based on few Comder config. Less buggy, I don’t need another exe wrapper of ConEmu. I removed the Git status hints that affect the `cd` performance. I only left the simple git branch status

You must enable clink in Cmder to get Linux alike command-line style. (also @see: https://github.com/mridgers/clink/pull/464#issuecomment-322475049. KayLeung is me also)


— Git
In the installation option, ticked install to Windows Path. Then you have a set of Linux tool:
`C:\Program Files\Git\usr\bin`

Those fulfilled all of my daily works.

Additional:
— Windows Sub-system
Only used when the command is failed to run in Windows. I seldom use it (Performance Matter). There’s some tip. You can run `git.exe` understand the sub-system. You will get the same I/O performance as the Windows. In another word, by adding the `.exe`, you could take most of pipeline command from Linux to Windows sub-system.

By the way, I didn’t run into any Composer issue under Windows. I’ve contributed to Drupal Core also. I checkout the Git branch frequently and run `composer install` :)

** Don’t use single quote in Command Line since Windows doesn’t support it.

Submitted by droplet (not verified) on Sun, 02/04/2020 — 20:07

https://www.drupalvm.com may…

https://www.drupalvm.com may be worth you looking at. I’m not a professional and I haven’t used it myself yet.

Submitted by Nick Hope (not verified) on Mon, 02/05/2020 — 01:41

Hi
I am a professional developer, I have been engaged in Drupal for over 9 years. But I could not get Doker to work on Win 10. Although I’ve worked all my life under Windows

Submitted by Dmitry (not verified) on Mon, 02/05/2020 — 02:00

I recently installed php and…

I recently installed php and composer on win 10, alongside lando. I was afraid due to bad previous experiences, but it was fairly painless.

Submitted by jonathanshaw (not verified) on Mon, 02/05/2020 — 05:41

I am a fan of Docker stacks;…

I am a fan of Docker stacks; however I will have to admit for training classes where the O/S environments vary by user machine and the proficiency users with Docker on their local setups is unknown, I opt for a Vagrant configuration with a VirtualBox VM over all else. It runs on all O/S environments (All flavors of Linux, Mac OS/X, Windows 7 through 10), and with the exception of a few minor configuration differences per O/S that can be scripted into the Vagrantfile, the user experience is pretty much the same once you get the box up and running.

DrupalVM is not a bad option but it just takes so dang long to spin it up that I usually roll my own, and install exactly what I need for whatever class I’m running. this way I can get people up and running quickly and efficiently and focus on the task at hand rather than troubleshooting developer environments for half the class.

Submitted by Lisa Ridley (not verified) on Mon, 02/05/2020 — 15:51

Chocolatey is the missing…

Chocolatey is the missing piece: https://chocolatey.org/

That allows you to install PHP in a single line. And then proceed with the rest (Composer, Cmder, MySQL, Apache).

Submitted by bojanz (not verified) on Tue, 02/06/2020 — 10:57

Windows is my preferred…

Windows is my preferred primary OS. I still use Win7 on the desktop as my primary workstation, and Win10 on my laptop. I have explored several options, always looking for a better setup, but keep returning to Ubuntu in a Hyper-V VM. It is very fast and flexible, and most of the VMs live on a dedicated server. So I don’t need to worry which machine I use to access it, and it is easy to backup and snapshot before trying something new or risky. I like the Lando approach, and backed Kalabox. I never got Kalabox to work right, and Lando is clunky at times, and can be incredibly slow. I think this is largely Docker.

Another reason I prefer VMs is I don’t want any of the tools installed on my local desktop. I want PHP, Composer, Node, Drush and so on to all be in the VM, so they don’t effect local performance, or introduce version conflicts.

This solution might be a bit antique compared to the flashy new platform of the week, but it rock solid. PuTTy and Samba shares are my primary interface for working with the VM.

I would be very interested in solutions that leverage the Win10 Linux sub system. But I haven’t had a ton of luck with it yet.

Submitted by Scott (not verified) on Tue, 02/06/2020 — 12:52

Im developing Drupal daily,…

Im developing Drupal daily, and work with many multiple projects. Because of this working with docker was a pain in the ass because it used way to mutch diskspace (100+ Projects). The most performant way to deal with this mess was WSL for me and since the latest windows patch you can also fix read issues so that you can work almost at fullspeed without any vm which eats lots of ram

Submitted by daYMAN007 (not verified) on Fri, 08/31/2020 — 14:08

New book!

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Best Drupal 8 Security Practices to Follow

Even though security remains one of the major concerns for an organization, the implication of new technologies has at the same time broadened and complicated the understanding of the term.

Security is no more about working in isolation.

Often events such as Drupalgeddon 2 have brought the question ‘Is Drupal Secure?’ to the center-table. Drupal is among those few open source projects popular for their security with a dedicated team working on to improve it. However, there are still sometimes when the security of your Drupal website is under the impression of threat.

Security is a vast area of expertise and it is quickly changing with time. No more is it about one person working in isolation or an expert who can understand all the aspects.

While the list of do’s and don’ts is extensive and exhaustive to keep up with the threats, vulnerabilities and mitigation strategies, here are the top seven Drupal security practices to follow in order to keep up the health of your website.

And Aristotle once said.

The aim of the wise is not to secure pleasure but, to avoid pain.

Best of Drupal 8 Security Practices

#1 Securing the Server-s >Before starting off with the general security hacks and tips, you need to secure your server-side hosting environment. Here are some points to keep in mind before moving to securing your core.

  1. Protect the server: Only a limited number of users must be allowed to access your server. One of the key points is to add a basic layer by restricting the access to server login details. Once the authentication is set up, it is easier to monitor server access and restricting file access usage. This can help you detect unusual activities.
  2. Hide the server signature: Server Signature needs to be hidden as it reveals an important piece of information about the server and operating system. It can let a hacker know if you are using Apache or Linux — information which can be utilized as a vulnerability used to hack the server. In order to keep the server secure from possible vulnerabilities, you need to hide the server signature.
  3. Enable port wise security — Since the applications use the port numbers, it is important to keep certain port numbers hidden from general access.

#2 Securing the Drupal Core

  • Keep your Core Updated
    A key practice, keeping the core updated will always be the first when listing healthy security practices. And this was the first lesson we learned from the Drupalgeddon2. Always look out for core updates (include the minor releases as well) unless security is not on your agenda. In all of its advisories, the Drupal Security Team asks for updating the core version of the system.

If you fall a long ways behind the latest update, you are opening yourself to vulnerabilities. Since history tells us that hackers target the older versions.

Look out for core updates. Follow the Drupal security team @drupalsecurity on Twitter. Get quick updates and announcements from the team through the emails and security newsletter. You can also follow Security Group in order to contribute and stay part of the security discussions.

Another important point to note here is when updating the core — ALWAYS keep a backup of your site’s database and codebase. We will discuss this security practice later in the article.

Security by Design
As a matter of fact, every stakeholder wants security to be a simple concept, sadly it isn’t. One of the biggest misconceptions here would be that investing a hefty sum post development would ensure a secure system. However, it is never the case.

The best practice to follow is at the architectural level when the website is being designed.

Security by Design ensures that designing the software up by the ground to be secured in order to minimize the impact of a vulnerability when discovered. Pacing up your security from the foundation — is the key. It implies following the best security practices at the architectural level instead after building the website.

When the foundation of the design remains secure regardless of a reasonable approach adopted later, you can tackle the issues easily. A uniform methodology needs to be adopted to protect the assets from the threats.

Once the requirements have been collected, the architecture can be laid out and other elements can be discussed later like trusted execution environment, secure boot, secure software update among others.

«The key to security is eternal vigilance»
  • Use Additional Security Module
    When covering security, there is nothing as better than equipping yourself with more and more. To keep the walls up high, you can use the additional security modules like security kit, captcha, and paranoia. Drupal Security Review can be used as a checklist to test and check for many of the easy-to-make mistakes making your site vulnerable.

You can also look out for a List of Must Have Security Modules to prevent you from becoming the next victim of a potential cyber attack.

    Security kit
    SecKit provides Drupal with various security-hardening options. This lets you mitigate the risks of exploitation of different web application vulnerabilities such as cross-site scripting (XSS), Cross-site request forgery, SSL, Clickjacking and other.

Captcha
A CAPTCHA is a reaction test put in the web structures to eliminate entry by robots. It helps in protecting your website’s contact and sign up forms asking you to prove your credibility as a human with a bizarre sequence of characters, symbols, numbers and sometimes images.

Often they thwart you from accessing the content. Quite the irony, their purpose is contrary to what we reckon about them.

Paranoia
Paranoia helps you identify all the vulnerable issues/ places from where a potential leak is possible. It alerts the admin when an attacker tries to evaluate the PHP script via the website interface.

It helps in blocking the permission for the user to grant PHP visibility and creation of input formats that use PHP filter.

It also prevents the website to grant risky permission, mostly the ones that involve leaking the script information.

  • But Use only Security Team Approved Modules
    Your site probably uses a number of contributed modules, although that’s not an issue. Using the stable and approved modules is where the key lies. This is especially worth noting for contrib modules which are more susceptible to vulnerability.
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Always look out for the green batch when downloading a contrib module. Rest, as the advisory reads, Use it at your own risk!An example of security team approved module with a green batchAn example of a vulnerable module

#3 Backing Up — In Case of a Mishaps

  • Keep Up your Backup
    Catastrophes never come invited. While all seems perfect, you might wake up to find out that your website has been taken down by some psychotic hacker. Although it is an unforeseen event, you can definitely arm up yourself.

As an administrator, you have to be prepared for all of such uninvited events. They can be controlled and the damage minimized by strengthening security, frequent backups, installing updates in a timely manner.

We cannot stop disasters but we can arm ourselves with better security and backups. Hosting by Acquia cloud or Pantheon provide automated daily backups of your site’s database, files, and code plus single-click restoration if something goes wrong.

You can also use the Backup and Migrate Module or Demo Module because unlike life your Drupal website has the option to go back for some changes.

#4 User-Side Security

  • Follow a Standard Practice with a Strong Password Policy
    Passwords are used at both admin and user level, therefore strong and secure passwords are important for your website. When I say strong password should be used I have nothing against short and easy passwords. Easy should never imply less efficient.

A string like Mypassword123 will prove acceptable but is obviously weak and can easily be brute-forced.

The best practice? Your password should provide realistic strength in terms of measurement and complexity. A password must only be allowed as long as it proves to be of high enough entropy with a combination of characters, alphabets — uppercase and lowercase, symbols, and numbers.

Start checking passwords on explicit rules and amount of varying character types to be used (symbols, numbers, uppercase letters, etc).

Password Strength — a Drupal module — classifies the expected brute-force time for the summed entropy of common underlying patterns in the password. Patterns that can be detected in passwords include words that are found in a dictionary of common words, common first and last names or common passwords.

Your password can make the difference between a vulnerable and a hard-to-hack Drupal site.

#5 Set up a Firewall

The most common one is setting a firewall. Setting up a firewall provides additional protection over the web server and ensures the acceptance of connections only from trusted or known parties. Inversely, it restricts the outgoing of connections too.

#6 Check Files Permissions

Installing correct file permissions can allow a limited access to read, write or modify them. Permissions make a huge difference in security as they decide how compromising the platform can be for the hackers.

Similarly, the access to the important files like authorize.php, install.php can be blocked within the core files of the website and only permissible to the author and the developer.

#7 Enable HTTP Secure (HTTPS)

An SSL certificate can add on a layer of protection for your connection between the user and the server. This approach, restricts the hackers from crawling into your servers that might contain business critical information. An additional feature of the SSL certificate is that it makes you rank higher in the search engine’s optimisation process.

Further, Drupal websites are protected with the HTTP security headers that provide an additional layer of security. The header guide the browser about the site content and it’s treatment.

#8 Use Content Distribution Networks (CDNs)

Sensitive customer information like credit cards, passwords and application data always prone to attacks. Such data are often compromised under open gateways of APIs. They require the resilience and intelligence of a scalable network.

Similarly, the Denial of Service (DoS) attacks have continued to grow in volumes due to traffic and distribution of APIs.

CDNs such as Cloudflare, can be the intelligent solution for such threats and breaches of data.

In Summary

While there will always be some new thing to add to the list, you can be sure that this list comprises of the core practices which need to follow. The protocol for communication needs to be clear and well documented. Properly documented procedures are important, as third-party services can often be manipulated.

In need of a security update or services? Drop a mail at [email protected] and let us help you out.


Site builders and developers need to keep an eye open for the possible when security releases are announced and apply them quickly, to ensure the site is not compromised. It is good to be consistent and have your reasoning documented so that it is clearly understood.

6 Best Practices To Safeguard Your Drupal 8 Website

The last few months have been quite challenging for media & publishing enterprises dealing with EU’s new data privacy law — GDPR and Drupal highly critical vulnerability — DrupalGeddon 2.

On 28 March, Drupal announced the alerts about DrupalGeddon 2 (SA-CORE-2020-002 / CVE-2020-7600) — which was later patched by the security team. The vulnerability was potential enough to affect the vast majority of Drupal 6, 7 and 8 websites.

Related Insight

Visualising Drupal Security Advisory Data

Earlier in October 2014, Drupal faced similar vulnerability — tagged as DrupalGeddon. At that time, the security patch was released within seven hours of the critical security update.

So here the question is — how vulnerable is Drupal?

Just like any other major framework out there, there exists security danger on Drupal as well. However, Drupal is a more secure platform when compared to its peers. Learn more about “safety concerns in an e-commerce site and how Drupal is addressing it”.

In short, we can’t specify exactly how vulnerable is Drupal as it entirely depends on the context. Possibly, you will find the answer to this question in one of our previous post where we talked about “Drupal Security Advisor Data”.

Implement these measures to secure your Drupal website

1. Upgrade to the latest version of Drupal

Whether it is your operating system, antivirus or Drupal itself, running the latest version is always suggested. And this is the least you can and should do to protect your website.

The updates not only bring new features but also enhances security. Further, you should also keep updating modules as it is most often the cause of misery. It’s always recommended to check for the update report and keep updating at regular interval. The latest version is Drupal 8.3.1.

Note that it is older versions of CMS that hackers usually target as they are more vulnerable.

2. Remove unnecessary modules

Agreed that the modules play a critical role in enhancing user experience. However, you should be wary of downloading as it increases vulnerability. Also, ensure that the module has a sizable number of downloads.

In case even if some vulnerability occurs, it will be resolved quickly by the community as it can affect a major chunk of companies/individuals. Furthermore, you can remove/uncheck the unused modules or completely uninstall it.

3. Practice strong user management

In a typical organization, several individuals require access to the website to manage different areas within it. These users are potential enough to be a reason for security breach so it is important to keep control of their permissions.

Give limited access to the site, instead of giving access to the whole site by default. And when the user leaves the organization they should be promptly removed from the administrator list to eliminate any unnecessary risk. Read on for a quick review “managing user roles & permission in Drupal 8”.

4. Choose a proper hosting provider

It’s always a dilemma to figure out — which hosting provider should we trust for our website? Not to mention hosting provider plays a key role in ensuring the security of the website. Look for a hosting provider, which offers a security-first Drupal hosting solution with all the server side security measure like SSL.

5. Enable HTTPS

As a core member of the development team/business owner/decision makers, it’s your responsibility to take the ownership of the security of your enterprise website.

Related Insight

Secure users private data from unauthorised access using SSL

Consider performing a check for common vulnerabilities at regular interval as it will allow you to make quick work of those holes by following the prompts. Here is what Drupal experts have to say about «securing users private data from unauthorized access».

6. Backup regularly

Plan for the worst. Keep your codebase and database handy. There can be a number of reasons, both accidental and intentional, that can destroy your hard work. Here is the list of reasons why you should regularly backup your website.

  • General safety
  • The original version of your site has aged
  • Respond quickly if your site is hacked
  • Updates went wrong

To sum up, you need to follow the above-mentioned steps in order to secure your Drupal website. Also, reporting a security breach to the Drupal community can be an effective way to patch the issue and seek help from the community to avoid massive risk.

Now go ahead and secure your Drupal website!


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What’s New In Drupal 8: Site Building Best Practices

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What’s New in Drupal 8

What’s New in Drupal 8: Site Building Best Practices

This presentation walks through quite a long list of major contributed modules and best practices that have been incorporated into Drupal 8 core. There are a lot of new features that you’ll get out of the box, from Views to Services. In particular we’ll cover:

  • Exactly what best practices mean
  • How core and contributed modules help the community define best practices
  • List the major categories of features that have been incorporated

After watching this presentation you should have a better understanding of what best practices are, and a list of the major contributed modules from Drupal 7 that have been added, in one form or another, into Drupal 8.

Additional resources:
There are no resources for this video. If you believe there should be, please contact us.

Best Practices при работе с Drupal 8

Really large teams of Drupal developers, even larger QA teams, a heavily weighting «overload» of custom code, a whole «ecosystem» of repositories. these are just some of the particularities of an enterprise site building process. A process which, if not ideally structured and backed up by a «healthy» Drupal development routine, with a few basic rules, is prone to error and to «surprise» events right before launch day. Therefore, let me try and make a sort of a «draft» list of 7 best practices to stick to when you’re Drupal 8 enterprise site building:

1. Big NO to Checking Security Measures Off Your List On Launch Day

… for this is such a reckless thing to do and you know it (and we are talking about enterprise Drupal 8 site builds here after all)!

Here’s a list of security steps to check off your list “from day 1” of development:

  • http set-ups
  • admin account password set up following a complex password policy (please tell me that you’re not still using, as passwords, the names of the new sites that you’re developing till almost their launch days!)
  • SSL certificates setting up

A production infrastructure shouldn’t mean “building first and safeguarding your new Drupal 8 build last”! Better safe from day one than sorry on launch day, don’t you agree?

2. Repositories and Projects: Embrace Minimalism!

… whenever possible and if your site building context permits, of course!

Resist temptation (that Composer for Drupal site development makes almost impossible) to pile up more and more separate repositories, each one corresponding to one custom theme or module!

Now in order to convince you to ignore your instinct “telling” you to put together a whole “infrastructure” of individual repositories, I’d better try and explain the “harms” that this Drupal 8 enterprise site building habit can do:

  • you might end up with cross-repository dependencies prone to human error: you or other Drupal
    developers from your team might overlook the fact that all the involved pull requests need to be made in a certain order. In other words: it’s also much more convenient handling just one single repository and, implicitly, only a single pull request, too
  • you might also overlook the second pull request required: the one in the composer.lock (in the site repository), which should always come after the one in the module repository. And this only leads to confusing your QA team
  • you might also deal with a co-dependent repositories situation, one that no one from your team is actually aware of; and you can easily avoid it by testing your new site build’s modules as independent modules. As stand-alone modules.
Цукерберг рекомендует:  Sharp - Авто-обновление программы на C#

3. Remember #Cache When Working on a Drupal 8 Enterprise Site Building

And I can fully understand why it’s so easy for you to skip to use the addCacheableDependencies. The habit of creating render arrays, like we used to do in Drupal 7, might still be well-rooted into your site development “routine”.

#Cache best practice no. 1: Always keep in mind to render cache dependencies!

#Cache best practice no. 2: remember to enable your cache on your local environment when you’re testing it. Write code with your cache disabled, but always keep in mind to enable it back when you run your tests!

4. Set Up Automated Reverts and Backups

… for all those unwanted scenarios when your deployment fails and you want your site (both its file system and its database) to go back to its “pre-deployment” phase.

How could you make all this reverting and backing-up happen automatically?

Well, for instance the AWS and all its “kindred” platforms provide you with utilities and API that you can leverage for managing your backups and your reverts.

5. Branches: Start Small and Gradually Grow Big (Only) If Needed


My recommendation is quite similar to the one I’ve given regarding repositories: restrain yourself from piling them up!

Especially when some of them won’t even be used!

Stop before you rush in to create your stagging, your QA, your master, your develop branches. Just take some time to reflect on whether they will, indeed, have their own specific well-defined roles.

If not, simply settle for just one master branch. At least at that phase of the Drupal 8 enterprise site building!

It’s from that single branch that you can, later on, enrich your “ecosystem” of branches.

Once you’ve realized that you do have a specific environment for each one of them and that, yes, they’re needed and will be used.

6. Parallel Projects: Avoid Them in Drupal 8 Enterprise Building

Now let’s assume that you have no choice, that the given site build context demands several environment-specific branches.

Well, it’s the “perfect” context favoring parallel projects, you know. This if you ignore merging them “upstream”.

Since in Drupal 8 Composer enables you to have multiple composer.json files, each one standing for one branch, you run the risk of ending up with two different websites:

  • one that your visitors can access
  • the other one that you (and the other developers in your team) and the QA team can use

The “perfect” scenario causing confusion within teams!

Note: another best practice that you shouldn’t underestimate when you’re involved in Drupal 8 enterprise building is that of applying changes to the new site build’s “skeleton” once in each one of the branches!

7. Go for “True-to-Life” Downsyncs

I know, I know: transferring content (heavy databases and file systems) between two environments is the last thing on your mind, the last task on your priorities list when you’re Drupal 8 enterprise site building!

And yet, it makes all the difference!

Both to you, to your team of Drupal developers and to the QA team. They’ll then know what the production infrastructure is and their code writing/testing tasks will be carried out much quicker!

And voila! These are the 7 best practices to incorporate into your own routine of Drupal 8 enterprise site building if you want your team to be more confident on launch day and to win your clients’ trust in your work ethic.

Are there other “commandments”, that you never break, on your personal list?

Drupal 8 JavaScript and Best Practice

I am building a theme for Drupal 8 that I want to make available in the drupal.org theme section. As such, I want it to conform to best practice code wise. When adding JavaScript, I notice there has been some changes. Here is how I do it:

Is this it? the best-practice way?

In accordance to Aneek’s answer I am now including JavaScript this way:

First, I created a THEMENAME.libraries.yml:

Then, in THEMENAME.info.yml I added the libraries:

This method includes the JavaScript files to all pages on the site. If one needs to include on specific pages only, the preprocess_page would probably be the way to do it.

Что стоит знать о Drupal 8

Последнее изменение: 03.12.2020 4800

Четыре года разрабатывалась и в итоге была выпущена стабильная версия Drupal 8. Мнения пользователей разделились: некоторые считают, что данный вариант может стать полноценной заменой WordPress, остальные, что за много лет Drupal утратил большую часть системной базы и, скорее всего, этот процесс необратим. Всё дело в различных с другими CMS принципах, Drupal 8 акцентируется на удобстве проектирования и возможности добавления отдельных элементов в систему, а не на обычном исправлении данных. Поэтому объективную оценку ему можно будет дать лишь через пару лет, когда наберется база модулей. Пока рассмотрим возможности, которые предоставляются на данный момент.

Компоненты Symfony 2

Изначально сенсационной новинкой стал переход на компоненты Symfony 2. Для тех, кто с ними работал ранее, данный факт является положительным, но тех, кто работает с WordPress, может оттолкнуть. Вместе с тем выбор плагинов обуславливается размером сообщества и напрямую влияет на выбор CMS. При этом следует обратить внимание на то, что Symfony2 не является самым быстрым фреймворком, из чего вытекает следующий пункт.

Скорость работы

Бета-тестирование указывало на падение скорости в 3-4 раза в сравнении с Drupal 7, шустрость которого и ранее оставляло желать лучшего.


CKEditor — встроен

Предыдущий редактор WYSIWYG для Drupal 7 был мало функционален. Нынешний CKEditor имеет гораздо лучший вид.

image

Менеджера изображений нет. В Drupal 8 их можно только загрузить и вставить.

Quickedit

Новинка, позволяющая править текст непосредственно на странице, незаменима при неожиданных, срочных корректировок.

Views из коробки

Наиболее распространенный плагин из Drupal 7, благодаря которому возможно создавать любой перечень информации, графических модулей и другого теперь доступен из коробки.

В Drupal 8 используется тот же шаблонизатор, что и в Symfony2.

Встроенная мультиязычность

Очень удобная и привлекательная, возможно, именно благодаря ей Drupal 8 выберут для многих сайтов.

REST API

Полезная функция, которая делает возможным связать сайт, к примеру, с мобильными приложениями, и не только.

Свой стиль кода

Несмотря на то, что за основу взята Symfony2, их стандарт кода не используется. Взамен знакомого PSR-2 появился свой стиль кода, который основан на старом PEAR стандарте.

Особенности ООП

Ожидания красивого ООП подхода не оправдались. В коде присутствуют массивы, магические строки переместились их хуков в .yml файлы конфигурации. Из плюсов — наличие DI контейнера.

Собственный ORM

Drupal 8 частично построен на Doctrine, из нее используется только парсер для аннотаций. А ORM является самой часто используемой частью после темплейтинга.

Требования

Браузеры

  • Internet Explorer 11
  • Microsoft Edge
  • Firefox 5.x и моложе
  • Opera 12 и моложе
  • Safari 5.x и моложе
  • Google Chrome

MySQL 5.5.3/MariaDB 5.5.20/Percona Server 5.5.8 и выше с InnoDB и PDO database расширение.

PostgreSQL

PostgreSQL 9.1.2 и моложе.

SQLite


Поддержка SQLite 3.6.8 и моложе

Другие DB серверы

Microsoft SQL Server и MongoDB поддерживаются с помощью модулей

Поддерживает начиная с PHP 5.5.9. Рекомендуется использовать PHP 7.1 и выше

Память

64мб достаточно для того, чтобы скрипт работал. Но чтобы скрипт работал отлично, на средних и малых проектах — необходимо порядка 256 мб и выше.

ВЫВОДЫ

Вряд ли он заменит WordPress. Для компаний, которые делают сайты по заказу, решающими моментами являются быстрота подготовки и исполнения. Вероятно, он займет свое место среди программных платформ для создания многослойных ресурсов, возможно, станет полноценной заменой самой Symfony2.

Протестировать Drupal 8 можно тут (необходима регистрация, но без подтверждения email).

Какова наилучшая практика управления базой данных в Drupal 8

Может ли кто-нибудь дать мне знать, как мы можем управлять (объединять) локальные изменения базы данных между различными ветвями, которые должны быть реплицированы для всех разработчиков?

Например, два разработчика закончили что-то в коде и базе данных в своих ветких. Я могу объединить код с git, но как я могу работать с базой данных?

Достаточно ли полезен модуль Configuration Manager?

Мы используем git, Acquia Dev Desktop и Acquia Cloud.

Best Practices при работе с Drupal 8

Рад, что вас по каким-то причинам привлек Drupal 8.

Готов поспорить, вы ищете решение, способное дать вам простой, но в тоже время эффективный инструмент по созданию сайтов. Чтобы в нем не просто было все необходимое, но чтобы «творить» можно было что угодно и как угодно.

И, наверное, вы, как и я не располагаете весомым объемом знаний в PHP, JS, NodeJS, Symphony, Yii, Laravel и прочих языках программирования. И, возможно, вы не готовы изучать все эти «приблуды» тратя месяцы и годы в наработке навыков «классического кодописания».

Если это хоть отчасти так, то добро пожаловать на сайт, посвященный Drupal 8 — фреймворку по созданию систем управления контентом. Да, вы не ослышались, я назвал Drupal не CMS, а CMF, поскольку постоянно расширяя свое представление о Drupal, я не могу определить его иначе.

На Drupal можно быстро соорудить все, что угодно. А если вдобавок знать php или использовать препроцессоры, то что угодно можно соорудить еще быстрее.

Кто я такой? Я автор проекта Getdrupal8 направленного на помощь людям желающим создавать сайты на Drupal 8.

Я принципиально не изучаю языки программирования и, наверное, не буду их изучать. Я не считаю нужным тратить время на то, в чем для меня нет необходимости. Если мне нужно какое-то программное решение, я иду в интернет и ищу его, а если не нахожу, то нахожу тех, кто может найти, а при необходимости создать.

У каждого своя ключевая компетенция. Моя компетенция в способности объединять знания веб-разработки с дизайном, маркетинга с инфобизнесом, копирайтинга со способностью записывать видео. Мне нравится создавать и упаковывать, но мне также нравится обучать и делиться знаниями.

Я — человек, желающий зарабатывать на том, что мне нравится и что я умею.

Создавая сайты и оставляю в них частичку себя. Качественно, долго, но так чтобы нравилось и мне и другим.

И я рад, что вы посетили мой ресурс и хотите узнать что-то новое о Drupal 8! Я рад, что Drupal — это ваш выбор!

Первые шаги

1 Шаг. Сервер VDS.

Прежде чем начать свое знакомство с Drupal 8 обязательно пройдите бесплатный курс по созданию и настройке VDS сервера.

Дело в том, что обычный хостинг для хранения сайтов, мягко говоря, неподходит для 8-ой версии Drupal. 8-ка требует значительных ресурсов от процессора, поскольку частые «глубокие» обращения к базе вызывают скачки в нагрузке и производительности.

В такие минуты обычный виртуальный хостинг сиграет с вами злую шутку ограничив максимально возможную нагрузку на железо вашим тарифным планом. Виртуальный хостинг предназначен для легких систем управления и сайтов, имеющих стабильную, а не импульсивную нагрузку. Если вы будете использовать Drupal 8 на обычном виртуальном хостинге, то сайт очень часто (в особенности при обновлении и установке модулей) будет выдавать «белый экран смерти».

Drupal 8 очень прожорлив на ресурсы и вот почему цены на специализированный хостинг для него очень кусачие.

По этой причине я рекомендую вам освоить и создать себе собственный виртуальный сервер (VDS) для хранения все ваших сайтов. Пройдите мой курс «Старт и настройка VDS», теперь он бесплатен навсегда и поможет вам сделать первый шаг на пути знакомства с Drupal 8.

И, конечно же, не забудьте рассказать о том, с какими трудностями и легкостями вы столкнулсь, когда проходили его :)

2 Шаг. Вводный курс для начинающих.

После того, как вы создадите и настроете сервер на котором будет «жить» ваш сайт, можете смело переходить в раздел для обучения и проходить вводный курс для новичков «Старт сайта Drupal 8». Этот курс представляет собой сборник видео-уроков собранный специально для тех, кто только знакомится с Drupal 8.

Обязательно пройдите его и оставте свои комментарии в курсе. Мне очень важно знать ваше мнение и тот опыт, что вы получили пройдя его!

Чтобы ваше обучение и погружение в мир 8-го друпала было более продуктивным на сайте есть раздел регулярно пополняемых статей. В них я делюсь своими лайфхаками в друпал-программировании, верстке и вообще веб-разработки как таковой. Заходите, читайте, оставляйте свои комментарии.

Это, пожалуй, все, с чего вам следует начать! Присоединяйтесь к сообществу GetDrupal8 Вконтакте и подписывайтесь на Youtube канал, если этого еще не сделали.

Я всегда с вами и готов помочь в этом интересном пути! :)

Вы можете написать мне используя виджет в правом нижнем углу или найти меня вконтакте и написать сообщение лично. Я всегда открыт к предложениям, критике, сотрудничеству и приятному общению.

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Все языки программирования для начинающих